Technicians set up an assay test for Ebola within the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases’ containment laboratory. Samples are handled in a negative-pressure biological safety cabinet to provide an additional layer of protection. (Photo by Randal Schoepp, November 2000)
The first military presence at Fort Detrick was the 1930s encampment of the 104th Aero Squadron of the Maryland National Guard. It was named Camp Detrick to honor squadron surgeon Maj. Frederick L. Detrick, who served in France during World War I. The U.S. Biological Laboratories were established at Detrick Field in 1943, achieving pioneering efforts in decontamination, gaseous sterilization and agent purification. In 1956, Fort Detrick continued its mission of biomedical research. The installation has matured as a center for advanced biomedical research and development, medical materiel management and long-haul telecommunications for the White House, Department of Defense and other governmental agencies.