Spc. Taylor Mitchell (left), Pfc. Marcus Bird, Spc. Cody Wrensch and Staff Sgt. Frankie Tedtaotao, all with the 432nd Civil Affairs Battalion Headquarters and Headquarters Company of Green Bay, Wisconsin, participate in land-navigation training at Compass Course 2 at Fort McCoy. The training was part of a larger extended combat training tour the reserve battalion conducted at the installation. (Photo by Scott T. Sturkol, May 2016)
Located in the heart of the upper Midwest, Fort McCoy is the only U.S. Army installation in Wisconsin. As a Total Force Training Center, Fort McCoy’s primary responsibility is to support the training and readiness of military personnel and units of all branches and components of America’s armed forces. The installation has provided support and facilities for the field and classroom training of more than 100,000 military personnel from all services each year since 1984.
The Fort McCoy complex is situated on 60,000 acres, 46,000 of which are contiguous live-fire and maneuver areas. Fort McCoy’s location, terrain and four-season climate provide units with significant year-round training opportunities. The fort provides reserve- and active-component forces with the networked, integrated, interoperable training resources required to support the Army’s training strategies using a full spectrum of facilities, ranges and training areas. The fort offers an environment for units to train on unified land operations across the range of military operations, allowing simultaneous conduct of individual- through brigade-level training, static live fire, maneuver live fire, and force-on-force in both urban and unimproved terrain. Fort McCoy has 31 live-fire ranges, 17 of which are automated or instrumented; 21 artillery firing points; 12 mortar firing points; and an 8,000-acre impact area. Ranges supporting collective live-fire training include two multipurpose training ranges, a convoy live-fire range, an infantry platoon and squad battle course, three multipurpose machine gun ranges, two live-fire shoot houses and a live-fire breach facility.
Fort McCoy has extensive urban and rural training facilities. To support urban training, the post offers two fully instrumented urban training sites, a 25-building Combined Arms Collective Training Facility, a 20-building Collective Training Facility and three wireless instrumented Combat in the Cities facilities with a total of 309 buildings. These co-located facilities provide an urban training area with a continuous 2.4-kilometer capability for mounted and dismounted urban training scenarios. Three after-action review facilities provide on-site, immediate feedback capabilities. An urban assault course and two live-fire shoot houses round out the urban training capability.
Seven training areas were constructed to provide rural training capability. These include walled farm villages with planted crops; one is instrumented with wireless technology.
Specialized training sites include an unmanned aerial systems strip; a semi-improved airstrip with a seizure and forced-entry training site; a search and site exploitation facility; two tunnel systems; an engineer water-bridging site; and two wireless, instrumented home station training lanes. Home station training lanes include overpasses, bridges, canals, urban villages, traffic circles, guard rails, culverts and divided roadways.
Fort McCoy also is home to a number of Army, Department of Defense and state activities that further broaden the scope of training and support available on the installation. These include the 86th Training Division, 88th Regional Support Command, 181st Infantry Brigade, Mission & Installation Contracting Command — Fort McCoy, Noncommissioned Officer Academy, Wisconsin Challenge Academy, Wisconsin Military Academy and Wisconsin State Patrol Academy. For a full list of units at Fort McCoy, visit www.mccoy.army.mil.
MAJOR UNITS AND ORGANIZATIONS
86th Training Division
The 86th Training Division is recognized as the U.S. Army Reserve’s premier organization that assists joint, combined and active Army forces in training and assessing unit readiness through live training events. The division trains and assesses Army Reserve units in accordance with U.S. Army Reserve Command and U.S. Army Forces Command directives in support of operational and functional commands through the conduct of warrior exercises and combat support training exercises. Visit www.usar.army.mil/Commands/Training/84th-TNG-CMD/86th-TNG-DIV.
88th Regional Support Command
The 88th Regional Support Command is a two-star command that provides services and base operations support to more than 55,000 Army Reserve soldiers, families and civilians dispersed across 19 states in the northern U.S. from the Ohio River to the Pacific. The command’s mission is to provide seamless, efficient and timely personnel, information management, funding, physical security, facilities, training areas, safety, environmental, force development, logistics, area maintenance support activities, equipment concentration sites and soldier readiness processing center support to Army Reserve soldiers, civilians, family members and units in the region. The command also provides mission command for the bands and other units as directed. Visit www.usar.army.mil/Commands/Support/88th-RSC.
181st Infantry Brigade
The 181st Infantry Brigade (training support) enables units throughout the complete training cycle in order to achieve collective training readiness in accordance with FORSCOM and 1st Army directives in building units able to meet Army force generation requirements. Visit www.first.army.mil/divwest/content.aspx?ContentID=181.
Mission & Installation Contracting Command — Fort McCoy
MICC provides Army commands, installations and activities with disciplined and responsive contracting solutions and oversight. On order, the command provides trained and deployable contracting support brigades to the operating force. MICC-Fort McCoy supports the installation, its tenants and the 88th Regional Support Command with geographic locations in a 19-state region. Visit www.micc.army.mil/installations/mccoy.
Noncommissioned Officer Academy
The NCO Academy’s mission is to train and develop competent, adaptive leaders in decisive actions with the skills and attributes necessary to lead, train and mentor soldiers for current and future operating environments in an era of persistent conflict. Academy courses taught at Fort McCoy include the Basic Leader Course and Battle Staff Noncommissioned Officer Course. Visit www.usar.army.mil/Commands/US-Army-Reserve/Fort-McCoy-Main/Fort-McCoy.
Wisconsin Challenge Academy
The Wisconsin Challenge Academy is an alternative education program designed to reclaim the lives of at-risk youth and produce graduates with the values, skills, education and self-discipline necessary to succeed as adults. The 17-month program is divided into two phases. The 5 1/2-month residential phase, at Fort McCoy, is a high-impact, quasi-military environment. This phase focuses on academic excellence; job skills; physical fitness; leadership and followership; health, hygiene and nutrition; life-coping skills; responsible citizenship and character development; and service to the community. The 12 months following graduation, or the post-residential phase, provides a trained mentor with weekly contact and monthly reports. Visit www.challengeacademy.org.
Wisconsin Military Academy
The 426th Regiment Regional Training Institute is the Wisconsin National Guard’s educational institution, providing a professional learning environment, quality instruction and training support. Through the Wisconsin Military Academy at Fort McCoy, the 426th trains future leaders through its Officers Candidate School and Warrant Officer Candidate School. It also provides technical education for the basic field artillery military occupational specialty qualifications and field artillery noncommissioned officer education system, as well as truck driving, combat lifesaving and other courses. Visit https://dma.wi.gov/DMA/about/ng/arng/426thrti.
Wisconsin State Patrol Academy
The Wisconsin State Patrol Academy provides diverse training for state patrol personnel, federal and local law enforcement officers, and state employees. The facility is used by other agencies for training programs as well. The academy is located on 50 acres of the Fort McCoy military installation. Visit http://wisconsindot.gov/Pages/about-wisdot/careers/patrol/academy.aspx.