Lawton's unemployment rate as of December 2011 was 7 percent, making it lower than the national average of 8.5 percent. The area's economy is focused on government, manufacturing and retail trade industries, with Fort Sill being the largest employer in the region, providing work for more than 5,000 full-time employees. The largest private sector employer is Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co., contributing more than 2,000 full-time jobs to the city. Other significant employers in the county include Lawton Public Schools, Comanche County Memorial Hospital, the City of Lawton, Cameron University and Assurant Solutions.
Lawton had 35,374 employed civilians as of the 2010 Census. Of those, 49.1 percent were female. In the civilian sector, private for-profit wage and salary workers accounted for 21,842 (61.7 percent) of workers. Out of for-profit wage and salary workers, 659 (1.9 percent of the total Lawton civilian workforce) were employees of their own corporations. The government sector included: 4,713 (13.3 percent) federal workers, 2,545 (7.2 percent) state government workers and 2,160 (6.1 percent) local government workers. The city had 1,634 (4.6 percent) self-employed workers and unpaid family workers.
In the most-recent census, the median income for a family was $50,507. Males had a median income of $36,440 versus $31,825 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,655.