In all, Fort Knox has more than 30 units, commands and organizations and employs more than 20,000 Soldiers and civilian employees.
FIRST ARMY DIVISION EAST
The First Army Division East was activated March 7, 2007, at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland, as a multicomponent-sourced training organization tasked with providing readiness oversight, training and mobilization operations to U.S. Army Reserve and Army National Guard units from across 36 states, territories and the District of Columbia. Comprised of four combined arms training brigades and one multifunctional training brigade, First Army Division East — as part of First
Army — provides the trained and ready reserve component forces necessary to meet the needs of combatant commanders around the world.
The division and its subordinate units are uniquely staffed by active and reserve component Soldiers certified as observer coach/trainers, or OC/Ts, who assist, advise, coach, mentor, teach and provide collective training support to meet Department of the Army mandated training requirements. Training support is provided by all OC/Ts to all types of units including infantry, aviation, artillery, engineering, ordnance, logistics and supply, military police, medical support, military intelligence and air defense.
By way of the Army’s Total Force Policy, the Associated Unit Program and the First Army Partnership Program, Division East’s mission as a force multiplier is met by the sustained partnerships its subordinate units cultivate with reserve component partners at the brigade, battalion and company levels.
1ST THEATER SUSTAINMENT COMMAND
The 1st Theater Sustainment Command provides mission command and operational-level sustainment support to Army, joint, interagency and multinational forces; sets the theater; and conducts theater security cooperation within the U.S. Central Command area of responsibility in order to enable unified land operations in support of combatant commander directives.
4TH CAVALRY BRIGADE, FIRST ARMY DIVISION EAST
The 4th Cavalry Brigade, First Army Division East is a multicomponent training brigade. The brigade consists of the headquarters and two active component battalions at Fort Knox and two reserve component battalions at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, and Richmond, Virginia. The brigade is made up of Soldiers from the active component, the Army Reserve, the Army National Guard and the Operation Warrior Trainer Program, from redeploying Army National Guard and Army Reserve units. The four subordinate battalions include a cavalry squadron, an artillery battalion and two combat service support battalions. Almost all military occupation specialties are represented in the brigade.
Currently, the brigade trains provincial reconstruction teams deploying to Afghanistan. This mission is tremendously important for our nation. These teams are like no other unit in the DOD. They are led by an active-duty Navy or Air Force officer with an active Army sergeant major as the senior enlisted adviser. The staffs of the provincial reconstruction teams are made up of Navy or Air Force officers and NCOs and a U.S. Army Reserve civil affairs detachment. Each team also has a National Guard Security Force platoon attached to it to provide the capability to move around their province with organic security. The brigade conducts this mission while deployed to Camp Atterbury, Indiana, for four months at a time.
The Saber Brigade conducts numerous and diverse missions as a part of the provincial reconstruction teams trainings. The mission includes organizing and training on individual training tasks, lanes training, collective unit lanes training, and observer and trainer mentor and unit mobilization assistor duties. Key individual training tasks include training and administering the warrior training tasks and theater-specific individual readiness training to ensure individual Soldier proficiency.
19TH ENGINEER BATTALION
The 19th Engineer Battalion was reactivated Oct. 16, 2005, at Fort Knox as a newly organized modular engineer battalion capable of commanding any type of engineer organization from Sappers to construction effects. The battalion has deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom (2006-2007) and Operation Enduring Freedom (2009-2010 and 2013-2014).
Currently, the 19th Engineer Battalion consists of a headquarters and headquarters company and an organic forward support company. Also assigned to the 19th Engineer Battalion at Fort Knox are the 15th Engineer Company (Horizontal), 42nd Engineer Company (Clearance), 502nd Multi Role Bridge Company and the 541st Engineer Company (Sapper).
The mission of the 19th Engineer Battalion is to increase the combat effectiveness of the support brigades or engineer brigades at corps and division level through mobility, countermobility, survivability and general engineering tasks. Additionally, the 19th performs combat missions in the role of infantry, when required, and participates in joint military operations.
With more than 1,000 Soldiers, the 19th Engineer Battalion is the largest engineer battalion in the Army.
HUMAN RESOURCES COMMAND
The U.S. Army Human Resources Command executes distribution, strategic talent management, personnel programs and services Army-wide in order to optimize total force personnel readiness and strengthen an agile and adaptive Army. HRC manages Soldier schooling, promotions, awards, records, transfers, appointments, benefits, retirement — one
agency managing Soldiers’ entire careers from the day they enter basic training until retirement and beyond. HRC operates the Army Casualty and Mortuary Affairs Operations Center. HRC is the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel and Army G1’s functional proponent for military personnel management and personnel systems, except for the judge advocate general and the chaplain branches. HRC also supports the director, Army National Guard and the chief, Army Reserve in their management of the Selected Reserve. The HRC commander is the commander of the Individual Ready Reserve, the Standby Reserve and the Retired Reserve. The HRC also provides oversight for the Military Postal Service Agency based in Arlington, Virginia. The adjutant general of the U.S. Army also provides oversight of the U.S. Army Physical Disability Agency and the Military Postal Service Agency based in Arlington, Virginia.
The U.S. Army Recruiting Command’s mission is to recruit America’s best volunteers to enable the Army to win in a complex world. USAREC does this by training and developing a disciplined and effective recruiting force and developing the capabilities and obtaining the necessary resources to sustain and enhance recruiting accomplishment, “providing the strength” for America’s Army.
The command is responsible for manning both the U.S. Army and Army Reserve, ensuring security and readiness for our nation. Recruiting operations are conducted throughout the United States, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa and U.S. facilities in Europe and Asia. The USAREC headquarters provides command, control and staff support to the recruiting force.
The officers, enlisted members and civilian employees of USAREC headquarters work in diverse areas such as personnel, administration, resource management and safety. Many work in specialized fields, such as market research and analysis, advertising and public affairs, and recruiting operations. The command also has its own inspector general, staff judge advocate and headquarters company.
The command’s subordinate structure consists of five recruiting brigades and the Medical Recruiting Brigade. The Medical Recruiting Brigade and the 3rd Recruiting Brigade are also based at Fort Knox. Each recruiting brigade commands and controls up to eight recruiting battalions, giving USAREC 38 recruiting battalions, five medical recruiting battalions and the Special Operations Recruiting Battalion based at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. Each recruiting battalion in turn commands the recruiting companies in its area, which provide support to the more than 1,300 recruiting stations in communities across America.
Six recruiting companies have responsibility for recruiting in Kentucky, operating 16 recruiting centers staffed with more than 100 regular Army and Army Reserve recruiters.
U.S. ARMY RECRUITING AND RETENTION COLLEGE
The Army’s Recruiting and Retention College is a multicomponent training directorate of the U.S. Army Recruiting Command. The school consists of the Retention Department, the Recruiting Department, Proponent (79), and Training and Doctrine responsible for teaching and training nine 79 career management field courses at Fort Knox. The directorate is made up of Soldiers from the active component, the Army Reserve, the Army National Guard, GS special support staff and the office of the command psychologist.
The mission is to “train and educate military and civilian leaders and develop complementary concepts, doctrine, organization, materiel and training across the spectrum of recruiting and retention to support requirements for America’s force of decisive action.”
Its vision is “well-trained, disciplined and values-based professionals collectively known as the Army’s premiere training and learning institution that provides a 21st century, adaptive, collaborative and multi-echeloned education experience, and takes care of its personnel and Family members.”
The U.S. Army Cadet Command’s mission is to partner with universities to recruit, educate, develop, and inspire senior ROTC cadets in order to commission officers of character for the Total Army; and partner with high schools to conduct JROTC to develop citizens of character for a lifetime of commitment and service to our nation. In October 2010, Fort Knox became home to the U.S. Army Cadet Command headquarters, which oversees the U.S. Army Reserve Officers’ Training Corps.
Army ROTC is available at about 1,000 colleges and universities, including 274 host programs, nationwide. There are Army ROTC programs in every state in the nation as well as in the District of Columbia, Guam and Puerto Rico. These programs are organized into eight brigades geographically dispersed throughout the nation. Total enrollment is more than 30,000. Army ROTC is responsible for producing about 70 percent of all officers entering the Army.
In addition to the USACC headquarters, both 1st and 7th brigades are based at Fort Knox. Close associations are maintained with Army Reserve and National Guard units in every state. These units provide facilities, equipment and personnel to the programs in support of ROTC training missions. Each summer, USACC, with the support of Fort Knox, hosts ROTC cadet summer training. Cadet summer training brings more than 13,000 cadets and cadre to Fort Knox to conduct the Army’s largest recurring training event.
ROTC began when President Woodrow Wilson signed the National Defense Act of 1916. Since its inception, Army ROTC has commissioned more than 600,000 second lieutenants who join the active Army, the Army National Guard and the U.S. Army Reserve. It is the largest commissioning source in the American military. In fact, nearly half of the current active-duty Army general officers were commissioned through ROTC.
In addition to the senior ROTC programs offered at colleges and universities nationwide, USACC manages more than 1,700 Army Junior ROTC programs at high schools, with 316,000 cadets enrolled. Participation in these programs is voluntary, and their focus is to instill solid leadership and citizenship values in high school students. Curriculum and activities are centered on time management, study skills, financial stewardship and character development.
JROTC has an enormously positive effect on our youth, helping young people from across the socio-economic spectrum. Cadets graduate from high school at a higher rate, have higher GPAs and get in trouble less frequently than their classmates. Although JROTC is a citizenship program, not a recruiting tool, JROTC graduates do enter the armed forces at a much higher rate than their peers.
U.S. ARMY MARKETING AND ENGAGEMENT BRIGADE
The U.S. Army Marketing and Engagement Brigade influences the American people to join the Army by enhancing and conducting recruiting operations through direct engagements and demonstrating elite Army skills and exhibits in order to achieve the Army’s recruiting mission. On order, the brigade provides unique support to the operational and generating force. The brigade supports Army recruiters and ROTC programs at universities and in cities across the U.S. by generating high-quality leads, positive impressions and awareness of what it means to be a Soldier. In addition, the brigade enhances Army warfighting efforts through specialized training and research and development. The brigade serves as the higher headquarters for the U.S. Army Mission Support Battalion at Fort Knox, the U.S. Army Parachute Team, also known as the Golden Knights, at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, and the U.S. Army Marksmanship Unit at Fort Benning, Georgia. The USAMEB is part of TRADOC and operationally aligned under U.S. Army Recruiting Command.
LOGISTICS READINESS CENTER — KNOX
The Army Sustainment Command Logistics Readiness Center — Knox, also serving as the garrison S4, is the sole logistics activity supporting the garrison commander on all logistics matters for installation operations and supported customers and activities on post.
The center oversees mobilization, deployment, reconstitution and contingency planning in support of Army Force Generation to meet the training, sustainment and survivability needs of the Army.
All areas of logistics are supported, including supply planning and operations, ammunition supply, hazardous material, asset management, food service, central issue facility, transportation of personnel and equipment, fleet management, equipment and material maintenance, as well as representing the command for logistics-related actions, services and contracts.