Hartford is the capital city of Connecticut. It is in Hartford County on the Connecticut River, north of the center of the state, 24 miles (39 kilometers) south of Springfield, Massachusetts. Nicknamed the “Insurance Capital of the World,” Hartford houses many of the world’s insurance company headquarters, and insurance remains the region’s major industry. Almost 400 years old, Hartford is among the oldest cities in the United States, and following the American Civil War, took the mantle of the country’s wealthiest city from New Orleans. In 1868, Mark Twain exclaimed: “Of all the beautiful towns it has been my fortune to see, Hartford is the chief.”
Hartford is home to the nation’s oldest public art museum (Wadsworth Atheneum), the oldest public park (Bushnell Park), the oldest continuously published newspaper (The Hartford Courant) and the second-oldest secondary school in the United States (Hartford Public). Newer additions include a convention center and science center, as well as improvements to the waterfront.
Boston is the capital and largest city of Massachusetts and is one of the oldest cities in the United States. Boston is considered the economic and cultural center of the region and is sometimes regarded as the unofficial “Capital of New England.”
With many colleges and universities within the city and surrounding area, Boston is a center of higher education. The city’s economy is also based on financial services, health care and life sciences, technology and the visitor industry.
New York City
New York is the most populous city in the United States, and the center of the New York metropolitan area is among the most populous urban areas in the world. A leading global city, New York exerts a powerful influence over worldwide commerce, finance, culture, fashion and entertainment. As host of United Nations headquarters, it is also an important center for international affairs.