FORT DRUM & THE 10TH MOUNTAIN DIVISION (LI)
FORT DRUM & THE 10TH MOUNTAIN DIVISION (LI)
The land area on which the Fort Drum military reservation is currently located has been used as a military training site since 1907.
In 1908, Brigadier General Frederick Dent Grant, son of General Ulysses S. Grant was sent here with 2,000 regulars and 8,000 militiamen. He found Pine Plains to be an ideal place to train troops. The following year, money was allocated to purchase the land, and summer training continued here through the years.
The camp’s first introduction to the national spotlight came in 1935 when the largest peacetime maneuvers were held on Pine Plains and surrounding farmlands. Thirty-six thousand, five hundred Soldiers came from throughout the Northeast to take part in the exercise.
Some Soldiers traveled by trains that arrived in town every 15 minutes, coming from as far away as Buffalo and New York City. For 36 hours, young men from offices, factories and farms marched, attacked and defended in tactical exercises on the 100 miles the Army had leased for its war games. The maneuvers were judged to be most successful and the War Department purchased another 9,000 acres of land.
With the outbreak of World War II, the area known as Pine Camp was selected for a major expansion, and an additional 75,000 acres of land was purchased. Eight hundred buildings were constructed: 240 barracks, 84 mess halls, 86 storehouses, 58 warehouses, 27 officers’ quarters, 22 headquarters buildings, and 99 recreational buildings as well as guardhouses and a hospital.
Construction workers paid the price, as the winter of 1941-42 was one of the coldest in North Country history. The three divisions to train at Pine Camp were General George S. Patton’s 4th Armored Division (General Creighton Abrams was a battalion commander here at the time), the 45th Infantry Division and the 5th Armored Division. The post also served as a prisoner of war camp.
Pine Camp became Camp Drum in 1951, named after Lt. Gen. Hugh A. Drum, who commanded the First Army during World War II. During and after the Korean Conflict, a number of units were stationed and trained here to take advantage of the terrain and climate.
The post was designated Fort Drum in 1974 and a permanent garrison was assigned. In April 1980, B Company, 76th Engineer Battalion (Combat Heavy) was reassigned here from Fort Meade, Md. The rest of the battalion, less Company D, followed it three years later.
In January 1984, the Department of the Army announced it was studying selected Army posts to house a new light infantry division. On September 11, 1984, the announcement was made that Fort Drum would be the new home of the 10th Light Infantry Division.
The first division troops arrived at Fort Drum on December 3, 1984, and the unit was officially activated on February 13, 1985. The name was changed to the 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) at that time.
The division reached full strength in 1989. Between 1986 and 1992, 130 new buildings, 35 miles of roads, and 4,272 sets of Family housing units were built on post.
Today, the 10th Mountain Division (LI) is expanding once again under Army Transformation. A third brigade was added to the division and Fort Drum in 2004, and a fourth brigade to 10th Mountain Division is also housed at Fort Polk, La. By the end of fiscal year 2005, Fort Drum employed more than 15,000 Soldiers and over 3,000 civilians.
Elements of the 10th Mountain Division (LI) have deployed in every major operation the Army has participated in since the early 1990s. These include, but are not limited to the following: operations Desert Shield/Storm 1990-1991; Hurricane Andrew Relief 1992; Operation Restore Hope in Somalia 1992-1994; Operation Continue Hope, 1993-1994; Operation Uphold Democracy in Haiti 1994-1995; Operation Joint Guard in Bosnia 1997; Task Force Eagle in Bosnia and Herzegovina 1998-2000; Operation Enduring Freedom in Uzbekistan and Afghanistan 2001-2002; Operation Noble Eagle in the United States after Sept. 11, 2001; Operation Enduring Freedom 2001; Operation Enduring Freedom IV/Operation Iraqi Freedom 2003-2004.
The division continues to support operations in Afghanistan and Iraq and continues to play an important role in the Global War on Terrorism.
10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) Units
The 10th Mountain Division (LI) is an Army Modular Force Division, consisting of a Division Headquarters with its Division Special Troops Battalion,
four infantry Brigade Combat Teams (three at Fort Drum, one BCT at Fort Polk, LA), in addition to a Combat Aviation Brigade and Sustainment Brigade. Fort Drum is also home to 15 non-divisional FORSCOM units including a military police battalion, engineer battalion and a combat support battalion.
First Infantry Brigade Combat Team
First Infantry Brigade Combat Team includes Brigade Headquarters; 1st Battalion, 87th Infantry Regiment; 2nd Battalion, 22nd Infantry Regiment; 1-71 Reconnaissance Surveillance Target Acquisition (RSTA) Squadron; 3-6 Field Artillery; 10th Brigade Support Battalion; and 1st Brigade Special Troops Battalion.
Second Infantry Brigade Combat Team
Second Infantry Brigade Combat Team includes Brigade Headquarters; 2nd Battalion, 14th Infantry Regiment; 4th Battalion, 31st Infantry Regiment; 2-71 RSTA Squadron; 2-15 Field Artillery; and 210th Brigade Support Battalion; and 2nd Brigade Special Troops Battalion.
Third Infantry Brigade Combat Team
Third Infantry Brigade Combat Team includes Brigade Headquarters; 1st Battalion, 32nd Infantry Regiment; 2nd Battalion, 87th Infantry Regiment; 3-71 RSTA Squadron; 4-25 Field Artillery; 710th Brigade Support Battalion; and 3rd Brigade Special Troops Battalion.
Aviation Brigade at Fort Drum is transforming to a Multifunctional Aviation Brigade (MFAB). The brigade currently consists of a Brigade Headquarters; 3-17 Cavalry Regiment; 1-10 Aviation Regiment; 2-10 RSTA Battalion; 3-10th General Support Aviation Battalion; and 277th Aviation Support Battalion.
10th Support Brigade
The 10th Support Brigade “Muleskinners” includes 10th Support Brigade Troops Battalion; 10th Soldier Support Battalion; and 548th Corps Support Battalion; and 91st Military Police Battalion.
Fourth Infantry Brigade Combat Team
Fourth Infantry Brigade Combat Team, located at Fort Polk, includes Brigade Headquarters; 2nd Battalion, 4th Infantry Regiment; 2nd Battalion, 30th Infantry Regiment; 3rd Squadron, 89th Regiment; 5th Battalion, 25th Field Artillery; 94th Brigade Support Battalion; and 4th Brigade Special Troops Battalion.
Garrison Directorates & Staff
Civilian Personnel Advisory Center
Provides a variety of advisory services to commanders, managers and supervisors concerning their roles and responsibilities in human resources management to best support Fort Drum’s civilian workforce.
In addition, the CPAC provides information to employees regarding their rights and benefits under local, agency, and federal personnel policy, rules and regulations. Clark Hall.
Command Safety Office
Ensures compliance with safety and occupational health laws, policies, regulations, standards, operational directives, and precedent decisions to provide a safe and healthful environment by integrating proactive accident prevention processes and risk-management techniques that support the division and installation core competencies to preserve today’s resources for tomorrow. Clark Hall.
Directorate of Contracting, Mission and Installation Contracting Command-Fort Drum
Plans, executes and administers contracts with private industry to support the accomplishment of division and installation missions when internal government resources are not available. Contracts involve equipment, construction, supplies and services. The DOC also provides advice and assistance to small and disadvantaged businesses and information for firms interested in business opportunities with the government. Bldg. T-46.
Directorate of Emergency Services
The agencies responsible for conducting law enforcement, force protection, fire prevention and protection, and physical security operations for the installation. Their objective is to provide the community with a safe and secure place to live and work. The 911 Communications Center is responsible for dispatching police, fire and emergency medical personnel. Bldg. P-10715.
Directorate of Human Resources
Executes individual, Family and community support services and programs. The directorate coordinates, recommends, and provides authoritative analysis, advice and services enabling commanders to provide leadership in executing their military and civilian personnel management responsibilities. In addition, the directorate maintains readiness of individuals, Families and communities by developing, coordinating and delivering education and social service programs that promote self-reliance, resiliency and stability during war and peace. Divisions within DHR include the Administrative Services Division, Army Continuing Education Services, Army Career Alumni Program, Army Substance Abuse Program, Workforce Development, and the Military Personnel Services Division. DHR is located in Clark Hall.
Directorate of Information Management
Provides advice and support to Fort Drum and the 10th Mountain Division (LI) in the areas of telecommunications, information systems and administrative services. This includes providing power projection, command, control, communications and computer support for contingency missions, exercises and emergency operations.
Members manage, maintain and improve the existing information infrastructure, and provide long-range planning for future requirements, as well as responding to missions, exercises and emergency operations. Bldg. 10690.
Directorate of Logistics
Includes the Office of the Director, Plans and Operations, Supply and Services, Materiel Maintenance, and Transportation Divisions. Is responsible for direct program management of the four divisions, and provides advice to the commander on all logistics matters.
The Plans and Operations (P&O) Division is responsible for planning, coordinating, and synchronizing execution of logistics operations in support of the installation and major tenant activities. Functions include ammunition quality assurance for the installation, logistics automation support, annual training support, budget, personnel and security.
The Supply and Services (S&S) Division is responsible for day-to-day operations of ammunition, food, petroleum, oils and lubricants, organizational clothing and equipment, installation property management, and installation retail supply activities.
The Materiel Maintenance Division (MMD) provides a full range of field and sustainment level repair services for both aviation and ground equipment in support of BASOPS and tactical missions. The MMD plays a major role in force modernization and modification work order programs.
Key functions of the Transportation Division (ITO) include unit movement by air, land and sea, as well as freight, in-transit warehouse (central receiving), personnel movements/port calls, motor transport/fleet management, personal property shipping (household goods), and the arrival/ departure airfield control group (A/DACG) and out support operations.
DOL phone numbers 2-5217/2-5218
Directorate of Family and Morale, Welfare and Recreation
Supports and sustains readiness by providing quality recreation, community, and Family programs that meet or exceed customer expectations. These programs and facilities are designed and maintained for Soldier and Family support, recreational opportunities, fitness and well-being.
Directorate of Plans, Training and Mobilization
Responsibilities cover a wide range of operations across Fort Drum, from the air control tower at Wheeler-Sack Army Airfield to the Historical Collection, including both day-to-day training and one-time operations. Staff members advise and help the garrison commander in coordinating, defining and executing the installation’s missions, among them military operations, Reserve support, non-divisional units training support and education services.
The center also deals with mobilization and deployment, aviation operations, and the allocation of resources. Further, members maintain the Emergency Operations Center 24/7, and maintain the post historical collection and battle simulation center. Bldg. P-10000.
Directorate of Public Works
Advises the garrison commander and acts on all engineer matters for housing, maintenance, environmental issues, energy conservation, repair of real property facilities, operation and maintenance of utility systems, and construction for the installation. Bldg. T-85.
Directorate of Resource Management
Coordinates, recommends, and provides professional management on use of the installation’s resources in terms of dollars and manpower. This includes program and budget analysis, formulation, execution and control. Bldg. P-10100.
Equal Employment Opportunity Office
Manages the Special Emphasis, Affirmative Employment, EEO Complaint programs, as well as provides training and education, advisory, compliance and program evaluation services for the installation and all activities. Located in Clark Hall, Room B1-32. Important phone numbers are:
EEO Officer (315) 772-6911
Program Manager (315) 772-4090
Complaints Program Manager (315) 772-6565
Operating hours, Mon-Fri, 7:30 a.m.-4 p.m.
I am an American Soldier.
I am a warrior and a member of a team.
I serve the people of the United States and live the Army values.
I will always place the mission first.
I will never accept defeat.
I will never quit.
I will never leave a fallen comrade.
I am disciplined, physically and mentally tough, trained and proficient in my warrior tasks and drills.
I always maintain my arms, my equipment, and myself.
I am an expert and I am a professional.
I stand ready to deploy, engage, and destroy the enemies of the United States of America in close combat.
I am a guardian of freedom and the American way of life.
I am an American Soldier.
Equal Opportunity Office
Members work to support military readiness by ensuring fair treatment of all Soldiers based only on merit, fitness, capability and potential. Their goal is equal opportunity for Soldiers and Families without regard to race, color, religion, gender or national origin, and the provision of an environment free of sexual harassment, and all of this is to apply both on and off post, at home, work and recreation. Clark Hall.
Responsible for providing the commanding general, 10th Mountain Division (LI) and Fort Drum, with an ongoing assessment of matters related to the state of the economy, efficiency, discipline, morale, esprit de corps and readiness of units and activities assigned to the installation. Bldg. P-10720, Rm A2-75.
Installation Command Chaplain
Provides religious support focused on Soldiers and Family members. Activities include chapel worship, centrally located Roman Catholic and Protestant religious education, counseling, Family life programs and training. Bldg. P-10785A&B.
Installation Security and Intelligence Office
Advise and assist the Commander in defining, coordinating, managing and executing Fort Drum’s multi-discipline Security Program, including Personnel, Information and Industrial Security, and Security Education Training and Awareness (SETA), supporting all units, directorates, and tenant organizations. Bldg. P-10184.
Plans, Analysis and Integration Office
A garrison management and control office, PAI is responsible for gathering and analyzing data, tracking implementation of higher headquarters policies and overseeing integration of long-range plans. Functions of PAI include providing analysis and advice to the garrison commander and operating officials; executing short and long range planning programs to include Garrison Strategic Plan development; orchestrating performance management, review and analysis programs; oversight and management of the Army Suggestion Program (ASP) and the Interactive Customer Evaluation (ICE) System. PAI’s Community Planner provides technical advice and coordinates community planning as it relates to local off post communities, citizen groups and region agencies. Bldg. P-10000.
Business Transformation Team
The Business Transformation Team works in the Plans, Analysis and Integration office and is focused on integrating numerous customer-response systems with action, feedback, and continuous process improvement programs to provide support to address customer service improvement and work environment improvement needs.
Customer Service Officer (315) 772-9970
Interactive Customer Evaluation (ICE) system: http://ice.disa.mil/index.cfm?fa=site&site_id=45
Army Suggestion Program (315) 772-8405
Process Improvement Ideas/ Leans Six Sigma Information (315) 772-1299
Public Affairs Office
Serves as the central point of contact for command information, community relations, and media relations activities for all installation, garrison, division and tenant activities. The staff produces the weekly post newspaper “The Mountaineer”; operates Command Information Television, which includes “DrumTV,” a weekly news program broadcast on cable channel 13 and 913; provides information and services directly to civilian organizations and individuals through community relations programs;
and serves as the post’s primary point of con-
tact for all news media—local, national and international.
Staff Judge Advocate
The Office of the Staff Judge Advocate provides legal advice to commanders and staff on all legal matters, and processes courts-martial, Article 15 punishments, and trials of criminal and traffic offenders before the U.S. Magistrate. If you are a Soldier, Family member or retiree and need legal assistance, call (315) 772-5261 to make an appointment. The Legal Assistance Office is located in Clark Hall, Room A2-68. If you need to file a claim for personal or property loss against the government or check the status of a claim, call (315) 772-6584 or come by the Claims Office located in Clark Hall, Room B2-37. If you have received a ticket on post and need information about your court date, call (315) 772-2922. If you are clearing post and need to clear SJA, please come to the second floor of Bldg. T-122 on Conway Road near the intersection with Lewis Avenue. Soldiers and their Families also benefit from the services in the Legal Assistance and Claims offices. Bldg. T-141 and Clark Hall.
Local 400 of the American Federation of Government Employees, AFL-CIO, is a labor union that represents approximately 1,300 Fort Drum general schedule (GS) and Army and Air Force Exchange Service (AAFES) employees. They also have money-saving benefits, including dental insurance and many discount programs. Local 400 is located downstairs in Bldg. T-148. Call (315) 772-3039 for further information; or fax 773-0421.
Local R2-61, National Association of Government Employees, AFL-CIO, is a labor union that provides representation for approximately 800 Fort Drum wage grade (WG) and non-appropriated fund (NAF) employees. They also have money-saving benefits and many discount programs. Local R2-61 is located upstairs in Bldg. T-148. Hours of operation vary. Call for further information (315) 772-3306, or fax (315) 772-1035.
174th Infantry Brigade
The 174th Infantry Brigade (Patriots!) is a multi-component brigade composed of active Army, AGR, Army Reserve and Army National Guard personnel. Headquartered at Fort Drum, the Patriot Brigade is a TDA unit, roughly 1,000 strong, composed of training support battalions located on Fort Drum, in Syracuse, Fort Dix, N.J., and at the Devens Reserve Training Area in Massachusetts.
The Patriot mission is threefold: 1) Provide training assistance and support to reserve component units, regionally, by way of observer/controller-trainers; 2) provide mobilization support, by way of unit assistors and standing up mobilization assistance team operations centers at Fort Drum and/or Fort Dix; and 3) providing military support to civil authorities by way of a defense coordinating element or defense liaison element that coordinates Department of Defense assets in support of the designated lead federal agency for disaster and consequence management operations within the Continental United States.
The Patriots provide training assistance and support to 461 reserve component units throughout New York, New Jersey and New England.Contact 174th at (315) 772-9706.
Building T-310, Nash Boulevard
Garrison Labor-management Partnership Council
Fort Drum’s Garrison Partnership Council consists of union and management representatives who work together through open communication and shared interests, to support mission accomplishment while maintaining quality working conditions.
This partnership results in a uniquely positive outlook and motivation to contribute to the accomplishment of the team’s goals and objectives. Although not every organization has a member on the council, the interests of all activities and employees are represented. Any Fort Drum manager or employee may submit matters to the council. The council meets each month, with subgroups meeting as needed on specific issues.
The following currently have representatives on the council:
Garrison Commander (315) 772-5501
American Federation of Government Employees Local 400 (315) 772-3039
Civilian Personnel Advisory Center (315) 772-5393
Dental Activity, U.S. Army (315) 772-4343
Directorate of Contracting (315) 772-5443
Directorate of Emergency Services (315) 772-7491
Directorate of Information Management (315) 772-6225/6066
Directorate of Logistics (315) 772-5217
Directorate of Family and Morale, Welfare and Recreation (315) 772-6134
Directorate of Public Works (315) 772-4948
Directorate of Resource Management (315) 772-0736
Medical Activity, U.S. Army (315) 772-4024
National Association of Government Employees Local R2-61 (315) 772-3306
Defense Logistics Agency
Provides supplies and services to U.S. military forces worldwide. The agency manages over 4 million consumable items used by the military, DoD civil agencies and foreign governments.
Activities include the Readiness Support Office, Bldg. 124, which provides customer assistance to the 10th Mountain Division (LI) in matters relating to readiness support; the Defense Reutilization and Marketing Office, Bldg. 1350, which provides assistance and disposal services to the division, DoD and other authorized customers; and the Document Automation and Production Service which provides printing, copying, scanning, imaging, document conversion, CD-ROM and web services for DoD.
Defense Reutilization and Marketing Office
Operating under the Defense Logistics Agency, this office handles excess materiel disposal and reutilization for Department of Defense agencies.
Staff members work to dispose of excess property in ways that will meet regulatory requirements but also permit donations or obtain funds for the property so that it won’t have to be abandoned or destroyed. This includes recycling items containing precious metals. The office gives technical help to units, takes in excess material, inspects property and keeps necessary records.
Defense Security Service
Conducts clearance investigations of military and civilian personnel in order to obtain security clearances. Investigates to complete clearance investigations for military and civilian personnel assigned to the 10th Mountain Division (LI) and Fort Drum. Provides information related to counterintelligence to those with the military and civilians assigned to the Fort Drum area.
Logistics Assistance Office
Functioning as part of Army Materiel Command’s Field Support Center, provides logistic assistance, advice and training to the 10th Mountain Division (LI) and all other active, Reserve and National Guard units in the northeastern nine-state region. They help supplement individual and unit training, covering equipment, design, integrated logistics support, operations, transportation, maintenance, supply support, modification, disposal of materiel, and effectiveness of logistical support and management systems. The LAO is also prepared to deploy to support units conducting contingency and/or disaster relief operations.
U.S. Army Trial Defense Service
Assists active-duty Soldiers facing courts-martial and most adverse administrative actions. Located in Bldg. T-101. Contact (315) 772-6628 for assistance.
1215th GSU – Detachment 1
Provides support to the installation during contingency operations; also command and control of subordinate units assigned or attached in peacetime, working to ensure Army Reserve and National Guard units are prepared to do their jobs.
Company B, 342nd Forward Support Battalion (NYANG)
Detachment 1, Company A, 152nd Engineer Battalion (NYARNG): An assault and obstacle platoon in a combat engineer battalion, Detachment 1 also stands by to assist local communities in any emergency situation as determined by the governor of New York.
The Mobilization and Training Equipment Site accounts for, maintains, repairs and issues select equipment to numerous Army National Guard units yearly for pre-mobilization training.
Noncommissioned Officers Academy
Staff members at the NCO Academy are dedicated to training leaders. They work to provide the skills newly promoted sergeants, or corporal/specialist (promotable), require in basic leadership, NCO duties, responsibility and authority, and how to conduct performance-oriented training needed to lead, train, and fight.
Equipment Concentration Site #1
A unit of the 77th Regional Support Command, NYARNG, this site provides Reserve, National Guard and active component units with pre-positioned equipment for annual and field training exercises. It also provides organizational and limited maintenance support to HHC, 479th Eng. Bn., Watertown; Co C, 479th Eng. Bn., Canton; and 962nd Ord. Co., Plattsburgh.
174th Fighter Wing
The 174th Fighter Wing, Detachment 1 Air-to-Ground Range (NYARNG), Syracuse, is a full-time detachment that operates an air-to-ground gunnery range. The range provides year-round close air support training to aircrew members. It also acts as a single point of contact at Fort Drum for Air National Guard flying operations; supports other active duty and Reserve component flying units; acts as a focal point for Close Air Support and Joint Air Attack Team operations; and provides the coordination and scheduling required between Army units requesting CAS/JAAT and the Air National Guard tactical flying units providing those assets.
Tactical Air Command units whose aircraft can be seen overhead using the range on a regular basis are the F-16s from the 174th Fighter Wing, Syracuse, and the 158th Fighter Wing, Bur-lington, Vt., and A-10s from the 103rd Fighter Wing, Hartford, Conn., and the 104th Fighter Wing, Springfield, Mass.
Adding an extra dimension to Army training, the importance of this range at Fort Drum has increased immeasurably in support of the 10th Mountain Division (LI).
725th Ordnance Company
Provides routine and emergency support to military installations, operations and exercises, and to federal and civilian authorities within 46 counties of New York State and the entire state of Vermont. Responsible for neutralizing ordnance or improvised explosive devices whenever capable, providing technical help to civilian and Federal authorities on disposal, transportation and storage of hazardous explosives.
The company also supports units including the U.S. Secret Service, Department of State and Department of Defense for VIP visits, offers classes on bomb search-and-threat techniques and ordnance recognition to other agencies, and trains to be able to deploy worldwide.
95th Maintenance Company, ATST-10
A detachment of the 95th Maintenance Company based at Redstone Arsenal, Ala., at Fort Drum it is a tenant unit attached to the 710th Main Support Battalion. This unit provides calibration and repair support for all Test, Measurement and Diagnostic Equipment (TMDE) to the 10th Mountain Division (LI), other nondivisional units, and garrison support activities.
Members are prepared to deploy for all contingencies to provide calibration and repair support during staging and combat operations, and are responsible for maintaining organic calibration measurement standards traceable through the Army Calibration Support System to the National Institute of Standards and Technology.
62nd Military Police Detachment (CID)
A unit of the U.S. Army Criminal Investigation Command, responsible for investigating all felony crimes in which the Army has an interest. In addition to its basic mission, also provides felony crime investigative support to field commanders, to include general crimes against persons or property, economic crime, and counter-drug operation. The CID command supports the Army in peacetime and in war; its Soldier-agents learn and maintain battlefield survival skills to meet these requirements.
20th Air Support Operations Squadron
Members of the 20th ASOS work to integrate Air Force capabilities and assets into the scheme of fire and maneuver for the 10th Mountain Division (LI) commander
Advises the 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) on all aspects of air operations and weather effects on the battlefield. Integrates Close Air Support, surveillance, and electronic warfare airpower into the 10th Mountain Division scheme of maneuver. Controls the employment of allocated air assets in support of 10th Mountain Division operations. Provides weather forecasting teams to support battlefield commanders. Provides weather support for all air operations at Wheeler-Sack AAF. Call (315) 772-4373 for more information. 4808 George Avenue.
ARMY CIVILIAN CORPS CREED*****
I am an Army civilian, a member of the Army team.
I am dedicated to the Army, its Soldiers and civilians.
I will always support the mission.
I provide stability and continuity during war and peace.
I support and defend the Constitution of the United States and consider it an honor to serve the nation and its Army.
I live the Army values of Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity, and Personal Courage.
I am an Army civilian.