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The colony of Maryland was founded by Lord Baltimore in March 1634 and was one of the first regions in the Americas to be continuously inhabited by Europeans. Maryland eventually joined the other twelve original colonies in revolting against British rule to create the sovereign nation of the United States of America.
Maryland’s population in 2008 was estimated at 5,633,597. The state’s largest city is Baltimore with a 2008 estimated population of 785,618 people. This outweighs the state’s capital, Annapolis, which weighs in with only 36,524 people in 2008 (estimated).
As a Mid-Atlantic state, Maryland enjoys a diverse topography and an equally diverse climate. Maryland’s landscape ranges from
low marshlands near the bay, to sandy dunes accented by sea grass in the east, rolling hills of oak forest and mountain pine groves in the western region. Two major topographic features to note in Maryland are Chesapeake Bay and the Appalachian Mountains. The Eastern Shore and a small part of the western shore feature a humid, almost subtropical climate of hot summers and short, cool winters. To the west, in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains and the Piedmont region, which includes Baltimore, Westminster and Frederick, one can expect warm summers and moderately cold winters.