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Department of Defense Organizations

Department of Defense Organizations

U.S. Missile Defense Agency

The Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) architecture includes:
  • Networked sensors and ground- and sea-based radars for target detection and tracking; Space-based sensors for missile detection and tracking
  • Ground- and sea-based interceptor missiles for destroying a ballistic missile using the force of a direct collision, called “hit-to-kill” technology
  • A command, control, battle management, and communications network providing the warfighter with the needed links between the sensors and interceptor missiles

The Ground-Based Midcourse Defense Program has fielded a capability to defend the territory of the U.S.
against long-range ballistic missiles in the midcourse phase of flight, while the attacking missile is in outer space. A total of 30 ground-based interceptors are deployed at Fort Greely, AK, and Vandenberg Air Force Base, CA.

Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) will provide rapidly deployable ground-based missile defense components that enables a combatant commander to defeat short-to-intermediate range ballistic missiles. THAAD is a transportable land-based element that has the capability to shoot down a ballistic missile either inside or just outside the earth’s atmosphere.

Patriot Advanced Capability-3 (PAC-3) is the most mature element of the BMDS. Now operational with the U.S. Army, this element is a land-based system built on the proven Patriot air and missile defense infrastructure. Targets and Countermeasures oversees the design, development, and delivery of threat representative, reliable and cost-effective ballistic missile targets and countermeasures used for operationally realistic testing.

Sensors/Radars are established to detect and track threat missiles through all phases of their trajectory. Satellites and a family of land- and sea-based radars provide worldwide sensor coverage.

Test Directorate The MDA conducts regular flight tests that provide data which can be used to verify performance and confirm the technological progress of the BMDS. Testing to date has provided confidence in the basic design, effectiveness and operational capability forshort-, medium- and long-range ballistic missile defense.

Other elements not located in Huntsville but supported by Redstone Arsenal workers include the Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense, which is the sea-based component of the BMDS and a keystone in the Phased Adaptive Approach (PAA) for missile defense in Europe, and the Command, Control, Battle Management and Communications (C2BMC) program, hub of the BMDS.

MDA has more than 4,000 employees that work at Redstone Arsenal. A majority of MDA employees work in the Von Braun Complex. The MDA Headquarters facility is located at Fort Belvoir, VA, outside Washington, D.C.

Defense Intelligence Agency Missile & Space Intelligence Center

The Missile and Space Intelligence Center (MSIC) produces comprehensive all-source scientific and technical intelligence assessments of foreign weapons systems.

The Defense Intelligence Agency’s Missile and Space Intelligence Center (DIA/MSIC), provides customerswarfighters, weapons developers, policy makers and homeland security-intelligence assessments on foreign missile and space systems. DIA/MSIC uses scientific and technical methods to evaluate all sources of intelligence data to determine foreign weapon characteristics, performance, and operations. MSIC is dedicated to developing intelligence assessments that allow U.S. and allied forces to triumph in all current and future conflicts.

With a heritage that traces back to the beginning of the U.S. space and rocket program, the Army’s Ballistic Missile Agency became MSIC and joined DIA in 1992. In 1999, MSIC moved to its current facility, the Richard C. Shelby Center for Missile Intelligence. The new facility features 200,000 sqaure feet of floor space, high and medium bay exploitation work areas, specialized laboratory facilities such as the Radio Frequency Lab, Electro-Optics/Infrared Lab, Signal Analysis Lab and the Joint Research Analysis and Assessment Center.

In addition to intelligence assessments, DIA/MSIC produces estimates of future trends in foreign weapons systems research and development, characteristics, and limitations. MSIC also monitors and reports on foreign developments in applied sciences and technologies with warfare potential and alerts DoD planners and decision makers of future developments having the potential to adversely affect the national security of the United States.

DIA/MSIC’s intelligence knowledge base is accomplished through the analysis of all-source data such as Imagery Intelligence (IMINT), Communications Intelligence (COMINT), Human Intelligence (HUMINT), Electronics Intelligence (ELINT), Measurement and Signature Intelligence (MASINT), and Open Source Intelligence (OSINT). DIA/MSIC products and services respond to all technical intelligence requirements of the Offices of the President , Vice President, the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Military Services, the Combatant Commands, the U.S. Congress, and other U.S. Government agencies, allied military organizations and coalition partners.

 

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